02 November 2007
mainly based on Cline's book on WNC, and "Elementary-particle physics", "Astrnomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium" (National Academy Press), nη²υuuf±q¨wόεvi|Ωjand LISA Report and hep-ex/0211035, E. Kiritsis "String Theory in a Nutshell"
- Australian Consortium for Interferometric Gravitational Astronomy
- Akeno Giant Air Shower Array --- a cosmic-ray detctor in Japan.
- Alternating Gradient Synchrotron --- a 33-GeV proton accelerator at BNL.
- Apparatus for LEp PHysics --- LEP detector
- Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array --- a high-energy neutrino detector in the ice cap at the South Pole.
- Alpha Mass Spectrometer experiment --- a superconducting-magnet particle detector to be flown on the space station to search for cosmic rays of antimatter and dark matter.
- Argonne National Laboratory
- The American Physical Society
- The Japanese Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics mission
(ended in 2000)
- A Toroidal Lhc ApparatuS --- a detector being built at CERN to study proton-proton interactions at the LHC.
- Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc.
- gravitational cryogenic resonant antenna in Legnaro, Italy
- Burst And Transient Spectrometer Experiment aboard CGRO
- circular Electron-Positron Collider with center-of-mass energy up to 6 GeV and high luminosity, located near Beijing, China.
- X-ray astronomy satellite, ended in 2002.
- circular accelerator at LBNL; previously used to accelerate protons up to 6 GeV, now part of a complex for accelerating nuclei.
- Brookhaven National Laboratory
- Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation ANd Geophysics
- Booster Neutrino Experiment
- liquid scintillator solar neutrino experiment at Gran Sasso
- California Institute of Technology
- Computer Automated Measurement And Control --- a standardized electronic connection system, invented by nuclear physicists.
- Collaboration of (between) Australia and Nippon for a GAmma Ray Observatory in the Outback (at Woomera, Australia)
- Computerized Axial Tomography --- ameans of imaging internal structures of objects using beams of X rays that probe different parts of the object from different angles.
- Cosmic Background Imager (in Chile).
- Collider Detector at Fermilab --- a detector experiment at the Tevatron.
- Collider Detector Facility
- Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility --- renamed the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, located in Virginia.
- Centre Europ\'een de la Recherche Nucl\'eaire
- European Organization for Nuclear Research
- European Laboratory for Particle Physics (originally the European Center for Nuclear Research), located near Geneva, Switzerland.
- Cornell Electron Storage Ring --- an electron-positron collider with a center-of-mass energy of 10 GeV located in the Laboratory of Nuclear Studies at Cornell University.
- Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory --- a multiple-detector NASA satellite.
- Advanced X-Ray astrophysics facility.
- Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source --- a national facility for energetic X-ray beams.
- in Ardennes, France, completed
- (the) Compact Muon Solenoid, detector at CERN's LHC experiment (see ATLAS)
- COsmic Background Explorer
- Committee On SPAce Research
- Detector experiment at the Tevatron at Fermilab
- electron-positron collider at Frascati, Italy.
- Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (CMB anisotropies, at South Pole).
- DEtector with Lepton, Photon and Hadron Identification at CERN
- Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron laboratory in Hamburg, Germany.
- Department Of Defense
- Department Of Energy
- Direct Observation of NU Tau
- Electron-positron colider that used to operate at DESY.
- Division of Physics of Beams of the American Physical Society
- Division of Particles of Fields of the American Physical Society
- the European Southern Observatory
- giant air-shower detector array, located in Utah, exploring cosmic-ray events at energies greater than 1017 eV.
- Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory; also known as Fermilab (at Batavia, Illinois)
- ionization detectors, iron calorimeters in Frejus tunnel (1984-1988)
- British-German 600m interferometer project
- GarGaMelle, bubble chamber at CERN
- Gamma-ray Large Array Satellite Telescope --- a mission under consideration by NASA.
- Gallium Neutrino Observatory --- at Gran Sasso; GALLEX successor
- GRAvity PipE
- Department of Energy's High-Energy Physics Advisory Panel
- Electron-proton circular collider located at DESY.
- Hubble Space Telescope
- Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signal --- liquid argon TPC detector at Gran Sasso; also a long-baseline neutrino experiment
- Institute for High-Energy Physics --- a 76-GeV circular proton accelerator in Protvino, Russia.
- Irvine-Michigan-Brookhaven proton-decay experiment (1980-1991)
- InfraRed Astronomical Satellite
- Intersecting Storage Accelerator at Brookhaven
- Intersecting Storage Ring
- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena, USA)
- KEK-to-Kamioka neutrino oscillation experiment
- Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment --- a 3000-ton water-Cerenkov proton decay and neutrino detector experiment (1983-1995) (see Super Kamiokande).
- in the Kamioka mine, Japan (100 km effective baseline)
- KArlsruhe Rutherford Mittel-Energy Neutrino.
- Koh-Enerugii butsurigaku Kenkyuusho --- Japanese High-Energy Accelerator Research Organization ---a 12-GeV circular proton accelerator at Tsukuba, Japan.
- LEP experiment no. 3 at CERN
- 800-MeV linear proton accelerator at LANL, used for nuclear and elementary-particle physics.
- Los Alamos National Laboratory
- Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, now known as
- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley, California)
- Large Electron-Positron collider --- a circular collider at CERN.
- LEP upgrade to an energy of 200GeV.
- Large Hadron Collider --- a particle accelerator being constructed at CERN. When completed it will be the highest-energy machine.
- Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory --- one detector at Hanford, Washington, and one at Liningstone, Lousiana
- Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
- Large Magellanic Cloud
- Liquid Scintillator Detector --- 90t, in Mt Blanc tunnel (completed)
- Monopole, Astrophysics, and Cosmic-Ray Observatory located in the Gran Sasso laboratory.
- Microwave Anisotropy Probe
- Detector at SPEAR that operated from 1972 to 1976.
- Millimeter Anisotropy eXperiment IMaging Array.
- Main Injector Neutrino OScillation experiment [Oscillation Search]
(from FNAL to Soudan mine)
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Midwestern University Research Association
- MultiWire Proportional Chamber --- a type of particle detector with many closely spaced wires, providing good spatial resolution.
- National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- Neutrino Oscillation MAgnetic Detector
- National Science Foundation
- NUcleon Stability EXperiment --- in the Mt Blanc tunnel (completed)
- Omni-Purpose Apparatus at (for) LEP
- Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus
(in the CERN to Gran Sasso beam)
- Particle Data Group
- Positron-Electron Project --- a circular collider with a maximum energy of 36 GEV, located at SLAC.
- The successor to PEP.
- Electron-Positron circular collider at DESY.
- Proton-anti-proton collider at CERN
- Cosmic Background anisotropies, to be lauched in 2002.
- Proton Synchrotron --- circular proton accelerator with a maximum energy of 28 GeV at CERN.
- Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider --- at BNL in New York.
- X-ray satellite, ended in 1999.
- Soviet-American Gallium Experiment --- Baksan, Russia
- Sloan Digital Sky Survey
- Stanford Linear Accelerator Center --- in Stanford, California, the electron linear accelerator there having an energy of 50 GeV.
- Stanford Linear Collider --- at SLAC, a linear electron-positron collider with a center-of-mass energy of about 100 GeV.
- Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (detector) --- a 1000-ton heavy-water Cerenkov detector under construction in a mine near Sudbury, Ontario, 6800 feet below ground (Creighton mine). SNO is designed to detect neutrinos produced by fusion reactions in the Sun.
- Detector located in an underground laboratory in a Iron mine about 1/2 mile beneath Soudan, Minnesota. Some physics goals of the experiment are to search for nucleon decay and to study atmospheric neutrino physics. The detector is a 960-ton iron calorimeter surrounded by an active shield of proportional tubes.
- Stanford Positron-Electron Accelerator Ring --- Circular electron-positron collider with center-of-mass energy of about 8 GeV that operated at SLAC in the 1970s and 1980s.
- Super Proton-anti-proton Synchrotron collider at CERN
- Super Proton Synchrotron --- an accelerator at CERN.
- Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
- Joint Japan-U.S. collaboration to construct the world's largest underground neutrino observatory. It is a water Cerenkov detector -- a tank of ultrapure water 40 m in diameter and 40 m tall (50000t), viewed by thousands of phototubes -- located in the Kamioka Mine.
- Tokyo Advanced Medium-scale Antenna
- Complex of accelerator facilities at Fermilab. The main facility is a circular proton accelerator with superconducting magnets ( the first large accelerator to emply such magnets) that can be used as an antiproton-proton collider with a center-of-mass energy of 2 TeV. Currently the highest-energy collider in the world.
- Circular electron-positron collider, with center-of-mass energy of 60 to 70 GeV, that operated at the KEK laboratory in Japan in the 1980s.
- Underground Areas 1,2 (detectors at the p(bar)p collider, CERN)
- Accelerator and strage-ring complex, located at Serpukov, Russia.
- Electron-positron collider near Novosibirsk, Russia.
- laser interferometric gravitational wave detector, near Pisa, Italy
- Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
- Alternating Current
- Anti-de Sitter
- Active Galactic Nuclei
- Asymptotically Locally Euclidean
- Adaptive Optics
- Astronomical Unit: distance Sun-Earth
- Boundary Conformal Field Theory
- symmetry-breaking theory of superconductivity, for which John Bardeen, Leon Coper, and John Schrieffer won the Nobel Prize in 1972.
- Bose-Einstein Condensation
- Black Hole
- Computer Aided Design
- Charge Coupled Device
- Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
- Conformal Field Theory
- Confidence Level
- Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
- Central Processing Unit
- Direct Current
- Deep Inelastic Scattering
- Dynamic Random Access Memory
- Effective Field Theory
- equation of motion
- equation of state
- Flavor-Changing Neutral Current
- Fast Fourier Transform
- Global Positioning System
- Grand Unified (Unification) Theory
- Gravitational Wave
- abbreviation for LINear ACcelerator.
- MAssive Compact Halo Obejects --- thought to populate the halo of the Milky Way.
- Million Instruction Per Second
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging --- a technique that uses the resonance of the spin of nuclei when exposed to radio waves to image the internal structure of objects.
- Minimal Supersymmetric[SUSY] (extention of the) Standard Model
- Neutral Current
- Neutron Star
- Ordinary Differential Equation
- Operator Product Expansion
- Partial Differential Equation
- Positron-Emission Tomography. A three-dimensional imaging technique that employs characteristic gamma rays from positron annihilation.
- Probability Density Function
- Programmable Read-Only Memory
- Quantum ChromoDynamics
- Quantum ElectroDynamics
- (Q. E. D.) Quod Erat Demonstrandum
- (Q. E. D.) Quite Easily Done.
- Quantum Field Theory
- Quark-Gluon Plasma
- Quantum Noise Limit
- Random Access Memory
- Radio Frequency
- Renormalization Group
- root mean square
- Supersymmetry (or Supersymmetric)
- Super Yang-Mills
- To Be Announced
- To Be Determined
- Theory Of Everything
- TriNitro Toluene
- Time Projection Chamber --- a particle detector in which the position of the track of ionized gas left by a charged particle is detected by the time it takes for electrons in the gas to move to the ends of the chamber.
- Ulta Violet
- Vacuum Expectation Value
- Weakly Interacting Massive Particles --- a class of hypothetical particles thought to be a candidate for dark matter.
- Weak Neutral Current
- 2000~βθ (joke!)